Please remember our troops and their families . They need our help and support. Thank every person in uniform that you come across for their service to our country and that our families and theirs can continue to live their lives in Freedom. God Bless Our Troops!
- The First Kashmir War1947.
Amidst celebrations of its newly achieved independence, the Indian state was faced with the grim situation of having to win back the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir from Pakistani infiltrators .The Pakistani attack prompted the Maharaja of J&K to appeal to the Indian State for help to defend Kashmir. The then home minister of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, agreed to send the Indian troops on the condition that Kashmir would accede itself to India. On October 27th, 1947, the first batch of Indian troops landed at Srinagar. With great courage and valour the Indian troops drove away the infiltrators. In the process 1500 valiant Indian soldiers laid down their lives for the motherland.
- The Sino – India War1962.
The 1962 Sino India war was an unfortunate anecdote of friendship turned sore. It was a demonstration of deceit that lead to two nations sacrificing their historical affinity. The Sino-India relationship till 1959 was especially warm where in both countries shared deep diplomatic and ideological bonds.
Arguably, the Tibetan uprising of 1959 triggered the conflict after His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama was granted asylum in India. It was during this time that India faced a first series of several violent attacks from China. The disputed 3725 km long Himalayan border, known as McMahon Line was the bone of contention between the two countries. The Chinese launched multiple offences on 20th October, 1962. The war ended when China declared ceasefire and withdrew from the region.
1383 Indian were martyred in their relentless attempt to protect us. The Sino-Indian war is also well known because of the extremely severe conditions soldiers had to endure, involving large scale combats at altitudes of over 16,000 feet.
- The Second Kashmir War1965.
The second war with Pakistan in 1965 demonstrated that wars are not about the victor but about the courage and values demonstrated by the soldiers who lay down their lives to protect the sovereignty of their nation. No sooner had India recovered from the blow of the 1962 war that it was faced with the prospect of a war with Pakistan. On 5th August 1965, the Kashmiri local population reported unfamiliar faces in their villages. They were the soldiers of the Pakistani army who had crossed the Line of Control (LOC). On the morning of 6thSeptember,1965 the then Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri ordered the armed forces to cross the LOC to defend the nation. The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) intervened and ended the war by ordering a cease fire.
About 3000 Indian soldiers scarified their lives to protect the integrity and sovereignty of the nation.
- The Indo-Pak War and Bangladesh Liberation1971.
There was trouble and political unrest in Pakistan due to the elections held in 1970.The Pakistan army conducted a widespread genocide against the Bengali population of East Pakistan. A majority of this population fled to India to seek refuge. Their number eventually rose to 10 million creating a law and order situation for India. On December 3, 1971, the Pakistani Air Force attacked a number of airfields and military positions in the western parts of India. After 14 days of war the nation of Bangladesh appeared on the world map. The Indian armed forces secured victory with remarkable speed thanks to the brave soldiers of the Indian defence forces. 1971 Indo-Pak war was the shortest war but with maximum number of soldier causalities of 3843 as against other wars fought by India.
- The Siachen War1984.
The Siachen war of 1984 was a battle fought for the prestige of the nation and the principles it stands for. It is the highest battlefield in the world, where our soldiers had to battle not just the enemy but also nature. The Shimla Agreement signed after the 1971 Indo-Pak war clearly stated that ‘neither side shall seek to alter the agreement unilaterally, irrespective of mutual differences and legal interpretations’. The agreement did not clearly mention who controlled the glacier which was inhospitable and a completely barren region. However Pakistan had been planning and plotting to capture the strategically important Siachen glacier as early as 1970 when she began to charge a license fee for mountaineering expedition in the area. Based on intelligence information, India launched ”preemptive” takeover of Siachen called Operation Meghdoot (named after the divine cloud messenger in Kalidasa’s play of the same name) on 13th April, 1984. India achieved phenomenal victory regaining around 1000 square miles of her legitimate territory.
- The Kargil War1999.
The story of the Kargil war is one of deceit on the one hand and valour on the other. Hardly had the ink dried on the Lahore Declaration wherein India and Pakistan jointly agreed to ‘intensify efforts to solve all issues including the issue of Jammu and Kashmir’, when Pakistan launched an invasion of Kargil. It all started on 3rd May, 1999 with two shepherds alerting the security forces about intrusion in the valley. The Indian defence personnel showed remarkable valour and resilience in capturing peak after peak and post after post, till the entire area was free of intruders. By July 4, 1999 all key peaks namely, point 5140, Tololing and Tiger Hill had been recaptured. India won a phenomenal victory, thanks to the Indian defence forces which lost 527 personnel in the process.
- Operation Parakram2001.
2001-2002 stand off between India Pakistan was the closest the two nations got to a total nuclear annihilation. Operation Parakram was launched in direct retaliation to the attacks on the Indian Parliament by five terrorists trained by Pakistan based terror outfits. Close to 500,000 troops were mobilized at the Pakistani border in preparation for an all-out war, the biggest troop mobilization in India since the 1971 War. Pakistan too mobilized her troops and was ready for war. Realizing the danger of a full blown nuclear war, the United States of America and Russia tried to mediate the situation. The Pakistan government promised to end militant infiltration into Indian Territory. By October 2002, India began to withdraw its troops and a cease fire agreement was signed by the two nations in November 2003. During this 10 month period, both nations faced heavy casualties. Our soldiers fought bravely and patiently in this period of tension.